Procedures
 

 

Core areas of regulatory body functions

 

Tasks of the regulatory body

The tasks of the regulatory body include the following in particular:

  • Availability of railway services and service prices. Infrastructure managers and operators of service facilities are obligated, with certain preconditions, to provide railway user services and training services to other parties (public service obligation). The regulatory body monitors the implementation of the public service obligation and service prices.
  • Questions related to railway capacity allocation and network statement. The infrastructure manager decides on the allocation of railway capacity. The network statement includes important information for railway capacity applicants. EU regulations apply to the content of the network statement. The regulatory body monitors e.g. compliance with regulatory obligations related to the allocation of railway capacity and the appropriateness of the network statement.
  • Charges collected for the use of the railway infrastructure. The infrastructure manager collects charges for the use of the railway network from railway operators. The regulatory body ensures that charges are collected equally, without discrimination and in compliance with statutory requirements.
  • Other actions influencing equality and non-discrimination.

Rail Regulatory Body in Finland

The regulatory body operates within the Finnish Transport Safety Agency Trafi.

The rail regulatory body makes decisions independently and its decisions are binding on all parties concerned. In addition to the Head of Unit, the regulatory body employs two special advisers. Directive 2012/34/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a single European railway area strengthened the position of the Regulatory Body and enhanced the requirements for its independence. Moreover, the Directive set new requirements for the funcions of the regulatory body and ensured closer cooperation between the regulatory bodies of the railway sector in Member States. One of the new requirements involves the obligation of the regulatory body to consult the representatives of users of the rail freight and passenger transport services.

Regulatory Body cooperation in Europe

The European Commission has made the Europe-wide harmonisation and standardisation of the rail market into a very high priority over the next few years. One of the key aims of cooperation is to establish a single, competitive, efficient and sustainable railway area in Europe.

IRG-Rail, the Independent Regulators’ Group – Rail, a network of independent rail regulatory bodies of EU Member States, was established in June 2011. It acts as a platform for information exchange and sharing of experiences and best practice between national railway regulators. Moreover, IRG-Rail actively influences decision-making within the European Union.